Ten Degrees Croydon: Taking Modular Construction to New Heights

Session: E: Improving Construction through Modularity, Fabrication and Optimization

Michael HoughProject image

Michael Hough
Managing Director, MJH Structural Engineers

Standing at 135 meters tall, Ten Degrees Croydon, London, is among the world’s tallest modular buildings. The 45-story tower is composed of 44 levels of volumetric steel modules installed on a concrete transfer structure at the second level, over a concrete base and two levels of basement. The building takes the form of two interconnected towers of differing heights, one of 36 stories and one of 45 stories. Each tower is composed of steel modules surrounding a concrete core, which provides lateral stability to the building.

Ten Degrees Croydon is the product of many years of collaboration between Vision Modular Systems and MJH Structural Engineers to develop a system capable of building high-rise modular buildings. During the development of this system, consideration was made to ensure that there is flexibility for the adaptation of layouts and freedom for architectural design. This allows the utilization of a variety of different module shapes and layouts, which widens the scope for the system’s adoption, while remaining an architect-led design process.

Another key to the development of the system was merging an engineered solution with efficient and accurate construction by utilizing cutting-edge methodologies. The key to constructing tall modular buildings is continuous load pathing and connection detailing. Many of the fabrication and manufacturing techniques used on the modules were created, extended, and refined over several years, with careful consideration of the principles of Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DfMA). Standardizing details that allow intense investigation, refinement, research, and testing have allowed this modular system to achieve the industry’s leading-edge position.