Adaptative Re-Use of a Landmark Integrates into New Residential: 111 West 57th Street, New York City
Session: Track F: Best Tall Building Award By Function: Residential/Hotel, Part 1
Managing Director, Strategy & Development, JDS Development Group
New York City
Principal, SHoP Architects
New York City
To respect and preserve the landmark Steinway Hall building at the base, the footprint of the tower was kept as compact as possible, and a full renovation accommodates new residences and amenities while reviving its historic character. Positioning the tower back from 57th Street allows for a generous public entry pavilion—a glass-and-bronze structure that highlights the landmark building by making its full volume visible for the first time.
The Midtown Manhattan zoning defined the tower’s form and required setbacks were multiplied where the building form contacts the sky-exposure plane, resulting in a feathered rather than a stepped profile. Residential balconies were formed, each marked by a pair of finials capping one of the ornamental terra-cotta pilasters that rise on the east and west façades and provide beneficial wind-buffering effects. To achieve wellbeing and minimize movement for maximum residential comfort, continuous shear walls along the deep east and west sides of the building, was paired with a custom tuned-mass damper installation on an upper level to obviate any remaining sway.
The preservation, integration, and adaptive reuse of the existing Steinway Hall was a guiding principle for the project. At ground level, the historic building was restored and given a new residential use after its primary use as a commercial office, retail space, and small performance space. Also, opportunities were found to adapt materials that were displaced from their original purpose during construction.